Gambians quit their jobs due to inadequate pay etc.
The study was conducted by Dr Alieu Gibba, Head of Department of Economics and Finance, School of Business and Public Administration, University of The Gambia (UTG) and Lamin Kanteh, Senior Statistician at Gambia Bureau of Statistics.
The study revealed eight main reasons for attrition in public and private institutions.
These have been identified as major factors influencing employee attrition in private and public institutions in The Gambia.
According to Dr Gibba, the main objective of carrying out the study was to investigate the factors that influence employee attrition in public and private sector institutions in The Gambia from 2007 to 2017.
The targeted institutions were mainly located in the Kanifing Local Government Area (LGA), which includes only urban settlements. The survey population was 120 employees from 7 institutions. The sample size was 87 employees, 83 of whom were involved, ie 95.4% of the targeted employees. In this study, the researchers used descriptive survey design, random sampling and convenience techniques.
Dr Gibba explained that the study looked at the main factors that triggered employee attrition in some public and private sector institutions in The Gambia over a 10-year period. “The problems are more evident in public institutions than in the private sector,” he said.
He said the study also shows the level of dissatisfaction among employees of these institutions, saying management should improve pay and compensation as well as social protection schemes for employees.
“It is necessary to improve working conditions in order to attract new employees and retain them. This requires strengthening staff benefits, incentives and social protection schemes, a good working environment and work tools. This can increase the level of motivation and commitment of staff to their work, which can essentially increase productivity, ”he said.
According to Dr. Gibba, most employees typically change jobs 10 to 15 times before they finally choose their lifetime or career job. It is a common concern for managers why people leave and the effects it would have on the organization.
Further, Dr Gibba said when looking at the main drivers of Gambian public and private institutions (2007-2017), and the most damaging consequences, “It should be understood that human resources are the most important resources for an organization because without them, the organization will cease to exist.
“Today, many organizations are finding it increasingly difficult to retain their employees. Attrition is becoming a serious problem in many organizations in the country following the introduction of university education and the production of graduates, especially in the fields of economic studies, management and development, among others ”, a he pointed out.
Dr Gibba added that another worrying trend is the rate of teacher attrition in secondary schools. “The rate of teacher attrition is accelerating every year, which has a negative impact on student performance in The Gambia. The findings, he said, further revealed that teachers who opt for academic or professional development inside or outside the country, often never returned to teaching. Insufficient wages and poor working conditions are sufficient reasons why most have turned to banks and other institutions, ”he added.